In 1943 when the whole India was affected by famine the British Government started ration system through area to area dealer system, which was supervised by the inspectors and Administrators. Then the supply of kerosene oil & essential food commodities was not sufficient, as a result corruption was originated in that time. The Government introduced criminal law amendment ordinance 1944 read with the penal code, but corruption was not controlled. Then the Government introduced Prevention of Corruption Act 1947 (ACT II of 1947) on 11/03/1947.
On 14th August 1947 India was divided into two countries - Pakistan and India. India became independent on 15th August 1947. Then the Prevention of Corruption Act 1947 (Act II of 1947) was enforced by the General Police (Enforcement Branch). As a result they could not play an important role to prevent the corruption due to lack of skilled manpower and various barriers. Then the Govt. enacted the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1958 (ACT NO. XL OF 1958) on 17th August 1957 to originate the Bureau of Anti-Corruption. This organization went under the modification with Criminal Law. The special tribunal as provided by Special Tribunal ordinance 1960 was constituted. On 26th March 1971 Bangladesh became independent but the Bureau of Anti-Corruption ran through under Cabinet Division from 1957 to 1986, from 1987 to 1990 under President’s Secretariat, from 1991 to 2004 under Prime Minister’s Secretariat. Political interfere, administrative barrier, Bureau of Anti-Corruption could not work independently. As a result corruption increases and corruption rate fall into the first position in the world in 2000-2003. The World Bank, donor agencies, TIB & intellectual persons urges to introduce Anti-Corruption Commission Law, 2004. These law was approved by the President in 23rd February 2004. Gazette notification was published on 21/11/2004. Then the Bureau of Anti-Corruption was abolished and Prevention of Corruption Act 1957 was eliminated by 38(1) Anti Corruption Commission Act, 2004.
From 21/11/204 to 15/03/2007 there was no rules in Anti-Corruption Commission as required by the Act. As a result commission became failed to perform independent. When rules were introduced by S.R.O. No.32–Law/2009 Date-15/03/2007 the Commission became active. Anti Corruption Commission introduced 6 internal divisions as per Anti-Corruption Commission Law, 2004 & Anti Corruption Rules, 2007. The Pending Matters & Inspection is one of those 6 six internal divisions.
According to the provision of sec. 38(3) the Anti-Corruption Law, 2004 the decision was made to dispose off all the pending Inquiry and cases.
The sum of total pending Inquiry was 6,946 from 2009 to 30-7-2014 . Total number of completed inquiry is 4,789. Present number of pending inquiry is 2,157.
The sum of total pending cases were 2,481 from 2009 to 30-7-2014. Total number of investigations completed are 2,041. Present number of pending cases are 440. Total Charge sheet submitted -1178 and F.R.T. submitted -863.
Activities of Inspection Unit
According to the Anti-Corruption Law, 2014 & Anti-Corruption Rules, 2007 the Honourable Chairman, Commissioner, Secretary, Director General, and Director respectively inspect all the units under 22 combined district offices, 6 Divisional Head Quarter and the 6 internal divisional unit of Head Office to expedite and ensure the accountability. The directors of Field level inspect within jurisdiction units every 3 months. The directors of Head Office inspect units within jurisdiction every 6 months. The Director Generals inspect units within his jurisdiction in every 6 months and every units as inspected needs to answer in a broad sheet. Thereby inspection team is confirming accountability of the inquiry/investigating officers and their controlling authority. Inspection report is being monitored in every Commission’s Board Meeting
Plans for 2014
- To complete 2,157 pending inquiry and 440 pending cases by 31st December 2014.
- If all the pending matters are closed, Pending Matters & Inspection internal division will work on the cases/inquiries based on Money Laundering Act 2012.
- To inspect all the 6 internal divisions of Head Office, 6 Division Offices and 22 Combined District Offices at least twice a year.
- The proper plan to reach the goal is to uproot the corruption under jurisdiction of Pending Matters & Inspection internal division for the greater interest of the country and the nation.